World Energy Outlook – 2009

The annual WEO series is the flagship publication of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and has gained a reputation as the most authoritative source for Energy Analysis and Projections. Each year it provides a quantitative outlook for energy supply and demand in the medium term (2010-2015) & longer-term (2015-2030) and draws lessons for energy security, investment and the environment

In a year that is so crucial for securing a new global deal to address climate change, the IEA has taken unprecedented step to release a special early excerpt of WEO 2009 climate change analysis so as ensure incorporation of the detailed understanding of the energy sector in the UNFCC negotiations in Copenhagen in Dec’09.

The 2008 report highlighted that preventing catastrophic and irreversible damage to the global climate ultimately requires a major de-carbonisation of the world energy sources. On current trends, energy-related emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases will rise inexorably, pushing up average global temperature by as much as 6o C in the long term. The projected rise in greenhouse gases puts us on a course of doubling the concentration of those gases by the end of this century. CO2 emissions will rise from 28 Gt in 2006 to 41Gt in 2030.The five largest emitters of energy-related CO2 are China, USA, European Union, India and Russia.

The report predicts that world primary energy demand will grow by 1.6% per year on average in 2006-2030, from 11,730 Mtoe to 17,010 Mtoe – an increase of 45%. China and India will account for just over half of the increase in this demand, what is most worrying is the rising share of coal in global energy demand, 269% in 2030 with these two nations again contributing to 85 % of this increase.

WEO Database :